Divorced. Beheaded. Died. Divorced. Beheaded. Survived.
Yes, in the 1st six words of Olivier Award–nominated musical Six, the fate is learned by us of every of Henry VIII’s spouses. But simply how much are you aware about their life?
Writers Toby Marlow and Lucy Moss dug to the reputation for Tudor England therefore the royal court for the words for their pop music opera, and greater historic knowledge means greater admiration associated with the nuances in Marlow and Moss’ writing. Listed below are the CliffsNotes to assist you navigate this chapter in Uk history.
Catherine of Aragon Queen from 1509–1533The “paragon of royalty” ended up being the wife that is first of VIII. A spanish princess, she ended up being the child of Isabelle and Ferdinand, thus the Latin beats and Spanish trumpets in her Six solo “No Way.” Catherine first married Arthur (Henry’s older cousin and heir apparent to your English throne) in 1501 whenever she had been 15. But five months after their wedding, Arthur passed away. Arthur’s dad nearly needed to get back her dowry, but a King could not spend money—or European alliances. He married her down to their more youthful son, Henry VIII, in 1509, though Henry ended up being 5 years her junior. She faithfully served England, ruling as regent in 1513 whenever Henry had been away in France. Nevertheless when she did not create a male heir, things got complicated. Together with her pregnancy that is fifth provided delivery to Mary (the long term Mary I of England), but Henry became preoccupied with siring a child. He became convinced that their wedding to their brother’s widow ended up being cursed by Jesus, or, as Catherine sings, “You state it is a shame ‘cause quoting Leviticus ‘I’ll find yourself kidiless all my entire life.’”
It’s commonly thought he utilized the Bible as a reason to divorce the princess that is spanish a plan to marry her woman in waiting, Anne Boleyn. Catherine had been furious he cast her apart; she had tolerated their affairs (“I’ve never destroyed control regardless of how times that are many knew you lied”) as any Queen ended up being anticipated. Furthermore, Catherine maintained that she had never consummated her wedding to Arthur—so that’s the marriage which was null. Complicated, we understand. While the track shows, Catherine declined an annulment, claiming until her death that she had been the rightful Queen. Catherine ended up being provided for a “nun-ry” but fundamentally relocated to The greater Castle. She passed away in 1536 during the chronilogical age of 50, nevertheless keeping she had been the only real genuine spouse of Henry VIII.
Anne Boleyn Queen from 1533–1536Though affairs involving the King along with his Queen’s feamales in waiting were common and anticipated, no body expected him to go out of Catherine to wed Anne—the sis of their mistress that is former that. Anne was raised in the court associated with Queen of France before coming back house to England to participate the court that is royal.
Anne Boleyn is frequently depicted due to the fact wife that is devious presumably plotting to dethrone Catherine—unsatisfied to be only a mistress, “some woman in a threesome.” Henry and Anne married in key January 25, 1533; they got the Archbishop to declare Henry’s wedding to Catherine null along with his brand new wedding to Anne valid—thus breaking through the Catholic Church and starting the Church of England. Anne was crowned queen 1, 1533; she soon gave birth to a girl, the future Elizabeth I june. But after three miscarriages, Henry took a brand new mistress: Jane Seymour. Needing a real solution to rid himself of Anne, Henry reported that Anne had bewitched him while he had been hitched to Catherine. Anne maybe flirted with a few men “just in order to make him jel,” but that merely resulted in accusations of incest and adultery. She had been beheaded during the Tower of London may 15, 1536, at age 35.
Fun reality: Historians think Henry VIII had written “Greensleeves” for Anne Boleyn, who he had been attempting to woo. Ergo, the techno remix of “Greensleeves” in “Ex-Wives.”
Jane Seymour Queen from 1536–1537Just as Anne Boleyn overtook the lady she served, Jane Seymour had been a lady-in-waiting to Queen Anne, after serving Queen Catherine. Henry VIII became betrothed to Jane one after Anne’s execution day. Jane offered delivery to a son, Edward, in 1537 and died two weeks later of postnatal complications october. Jane is generally regarded as the favourite, if it she sings that “without my son your love could vanish. as she actually is the actual only real wife Henry freely mourned as well as the only 1 to get a queen’s funeral, and that’s why her song in Six is considered the most like an electrical ballad—even” Henry VIII had been sooner or later hidden beside her at Windsor Castle.
Anne of Cleves Queen from January 1540–July 1540Anne of Cleves lasted just sixth months as Queen, but she kept her mind. Musician Hans Holbein the Younger visited Germany to paint Anne and her sibling, as Henry VIII considered which may be their 4th spouse. (We read about these travels in “Haus of Holbein.”)
Nevertheless when Anne arrived after her portrait, Henry felt she “didn’t did look that is n’t her profile image.” She revealed a basic not enough sophistication, “sippin’ on mead and I also spill it back at my dress,” which additionally displeased the royal. Fundamentally, the master made excuses for their displeasure along with her and discovered another reason to be rid of her, saying there was clearly not a way she had been a virgin once they wed. Provided an annulment, Anne stayed in benefit utilizing the King and sometimes checked out court through the reigns regarding the last two queens. She passed away in 1557.
Catherine Howard Queen from 1540–1541Catherine, better referred to as Kitty, ended up being very very long the item of intimate attention as recommended in “All You Wanna Do.” She ended up being molested by her music instructor, Henry Mannox, as he had been 36 ( maybe perhaps maybe not 23 as Six states) and she 13. At 15, she relocated together with her grandmother, “the dowager Duchess,” and became enthusiasts with “sexy secretary” Francis Dereham—an affair that could visited haunt her later on. Her grandmother discovered the affair and delivered her towards the Tudor court.
Like her cousin, Anne Boleyn, she served as asian mail order brides a lady-in-waiting however in the court of Anne of Cleves. The master had been 49 yrs old as he married the 16-year-old. However the gossips at court—some of who had witnessed Dereham—quickly spread word to her behavior that Catherine had been committing adultery behind Henry’s straight straight back with Henry’s courtier Thomas Culpeper. Culpepper, Dereham, and Catherine had been all performed (Dereham had been drawn and quartered). Catherine, beheaded February 13, 1542, ended up being hidden within an grave that is unmarked.
Catherine Parr Queen from 1543-1547The wife that is final of VIII lived in constant concern with her very own execution. Ahead of her wedding to King Henry VIII, she had two husbands that are previous ended up being widowed both in situations. She had fallen deeply in love with Thomas Seymour (Jane’s cousin) before she caught the optical eye regarding the King. Plus in “I Don’t Need Your Love,her alone to save them both from the King’s wrath and certain death” she pleads with Thomas to leave.
By the time she wed Henry, he had been 52 plus in ill wellness.
Catherine ingratiated herself into the master by learning to be a mom to their three young ones: Catherine of Aragon’s Mary, Anne Boleyn’s Elizabeth, and Jane Seymour’s Edward. She actually is the one who restored Mary and Elizabeth’s royal standing therefore that they’d come in the line of succession.
During her reign, Catherine ended up being the very first queen of England and Ireland; she has also been the queen most abundant in influence that is diplomatic Catherine of Aragon, as she served as regent whenever Henry traveled to France once again. Catherine had been an advocate of reformation within the Church, Protestantism. In reality, she published publications on prayer in her very own own name—and had been the very first Queen of England to take action. That she“fought for feminine education. therefore it’s true” Before Henry VIII passed away 28, 1547, he instructed that she be respected as the Queen of England even after his death—which is what happened january. She stepped down through the throne whenever Prince Edward, Jane Seymour’s son, ended up being willing to ascend in 1547. This time around, she had been the only to re-marry, to gentleman for the court Thomas Seymour. She passed away 5, 1548 september.